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COVID-19 update: Wednesday, Oct. 28


COVID-19 Statistics (Update: approximately 10:30 a.m. MDT Wednesday, Oct 28, 2020)

pos=positive; rec=recovered; hosp=hospitalized; cap=capacity; b=billion; m=million; t=thousand

New Mexico Oct 27: 43,169 cases, 1,129,419 tests (3.8222% pos), 980 died, 21,063 rec. 307 hosp. Oct 26: 42,586 cases, 1,124,922 tests (3.7857% pos), 976 died, 20,910 rec. 289 hosp.

Doña Ana County Oct 27: 5,980 cases, 101,541 tests (5.89% pos), 70 died, 2,609 rec. Oct 26: 5,817 cases, 101,067 tests (5.756% pos), 69 died, 2,586 rec.

cSep 8: 9 cases; 53 ICU, 17 vents. Aug 26: 13 cases; 50 ICU, 13 vents. Aug 19: 17 cases; 47 ICU, 17 vents. (ICU beds and ventilators are all patients, not just COVID-19.)

Texas Oct 27: 874,367 cases, 17,595 died, 763,108 rec, 5,512 hosp. Oct 26: 867,075 cases, 17,514 died, 758,192 rec, 5,278 hosp. (Lab test pos: Oct 26: 9.90%, Oct 25: 9.58%, Oct. 24: 9.46%, Oct 21: 8.86%, Oct 20: 8.72%, Oct 18: 8.57%, Oct 17: 8.18%, Oct. 14: 7.69%, Oct 11: 7.52%, Oct 10: 7.19%, Oct 7: 8.02%, Oct 6: 8.08%, Oct 5: 8.06%, Oct 4: 7.97%, Oct 3: 7.57%, Sep 29: 8.74%)

El Paso County Oct 28: 43,425 cases, 421,702 tests (10.3% pos; 7-day aver: 15.57%), 583 died, 28,961 rec, 908 hosp.  Oct 27: 42,332 cases, 415,307 tests (10.19% pos; 7-day aver: 14.35%), 580 died, 28,243 rec, 892 hosp.     

Mexico Oct 28: 901,268 cases, 7,120/m, 89,74 died. Oct 27: 895,326 cases, 7,073/m, 89,171 died.

Estado Chihuahua Oct 27: 23,501 cases, 1,807 died, 11,636 rec. Oct 25: 22,756 cases, 1,776 died, 11,342 rec.

Ciudad Juarez Oct 27: 12,476 cases, 1,127 died. Oct 25: 11,868 cases, 1,110 died.

USA Oct 28: 8,851,528 cases, 26,859/m, 226,681 died. Oct 27: 8,776,923 cases, 26,633/m.

World Oct 28: 43,979,777 cases, 5, 656/m, 1,167,124 died. Oct 27: 43,633,558 cases, 5, 611/m, 1,161,532 died.

Population Worldwide 7.8b; United States 330m, New Mexico 2.1m, Doña Ana County 218t; Texas 30m, El Paso County 841t; Mexico 129m, Estado de Chihuahua 3.77m, Ciudad Juarez 1.5m; Canada 38m.

COVID-19 Timeline 

Dec 31, 2019 First cases confirmed in Wuhan, China Jan 21, 2020 First U.S. case confirmed, in Washington State Jan 30 World Health Organization declares global health emergency Feb 29 First U.S. death reported, in Washington State Mar 11 NM reports first cases, declares public health emergency Mar 13 U.S. declares national health emergency Mar 23 NM closes nonessential businesses, prohibits mass gatherings June 1 N.M. allows indoor dining, gyms at 50% cap; retail stores, malls, houses of worship at 25% Jul 13 NM bans indoor dining; limits gyms, close-contact businesses to 25% cap Aug 29 NM restores indoor dining at 25% cap; increases houses of worship to 40%; museums with static displays can open at 25% cap; gatherings limited to 10 people Sep 18 NM permits youth sports conditioning, state park overnight camping, swimming pools to open, each in groups up to 10 Oct 16: NM limits gatherings to five people; maximum hotel occupancy reduced to 60% for state-certified facilities, 25% for not certified; 10 p.m. close for businesses serving alcohol Oct. 23: NM restaurants, breweries, retail stores, gyms, salons, must close for two weeks if they have four positive tests in 14 days; state museums, cultural sites closed; 10 p.m. close for retail stores; restaurants, breweries must test employees, keep log of onsite diners, do training.

What is COVID-19?  

Coronaviruses cause diseases in mammals and birds. They were discovered in 1931 in domesticated chickens in North Dakota. The first human coronavirus was isolated in in the U.S. and UK in 1965. At least seven strains of human coronavirus are known. Coronaviruses cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The name comes from the Latin corona (“crown”) because of protein spikes on the virus’ surface that resemble crowns.

The newest coronavirus causes COVID-19 (COronaVIrus Disease 2019), first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The most common symptoms are fever, dry cough and tiredness; less common are aches and pains, nasal congestion, headache, sore throat, conjunctivitis, diarrhea, loss of taste or smell, skin rash or discoloration of fingers or toes. Symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. 80% of infections are mild or asymptomatic, 20% are more serious, with difficulty breathing; about 40% are asymptomatic.

H1N1 influenza A (a different virus) caused two global pandemics: 1) Spanish Flu: Feb 1918-Apr 1920, up to 500m cases, 50m died, world pop: 1.8b; 2) Swine Flu: Jan 2009-Aug 2010; 491,382 known/700m-1.4b estimated cases, 150-575t died, world pop: 6.8b. Influenza (flu) is a virus that attacks the respiratory system.

Other flu pandemics. 1957-58: 2m died worldwide, 70k in U.S.; 1968-69: 1m died worldwide, 34t in U.S.

Seasonal flu. U.S.: Oct 1, 2019-Apr 4, 2020 (flu season): 39-56m cases, 410-740t hosp, 24-62t died. Annually since 2010: 9-45m cases, 140-810t hosp, 12-61t died. Worldwide: 250-500t annual flu deaths.

COVID-19 Information Online

World Health Organization www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

Global COVID-19 statistics https://news.google.com/covid19/map?hl=en-US&gl=US&ceid=US%3Aen

National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention www.cdc.gov

New Mexico Department of Health https://cvprovider.nmhealth.org/public-dashboard.html

New Mexico public health orders https://cv.nmhealth.org/public-health-orders-and-executive-orders/

NMDOH additional resources https://cv.nmhealth.org/

Doña Ana County/Joint Information Center www.donaanacounty.org

City of Las Cruces www.las-cruces.org/AlertCenter.aspx and covid19lascruces.com

Texas Department of State Health Services www.dshs.texas.gov/coronavirus

El Paso County COVID-19 statistics http://epstrong.org/results.php