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What is type 1 diabetes?



From the national Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

“If you have type 1 diabetes (T1D), your pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little. Insulin helps blood sugar enter the cells in your body for use as energy. Without insulin, blood sugar can’t get into cells and builds up in the bloodstream. High blood sugar is damaging to the body and causes many of the symptoms and complications of diabetes.

“T1D was once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes. It usually develops in children, teens, and young adults, but it can happen at any age.

“Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2—about 5-10 percent of people with diabetes have type 1. Currently, no one knows how to prevent T1D, but it can be treated successfully.

Nearly 30 million Americans – almost nine percent of the U.S. population – have diagnosed diabetes; a quarter million children and adolescents under age 20 have T1D.

For more information, visit www.cdc.gov and enter “diabetes” in the search box.